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Prune so as to maintain the natural shape of the tree.

Aug 13, They have scale and awl-like foliage that can be tip pruned in summer. Selectively prune branches of these plants back to a side branch, so that pruning cuts are hidden under foliage. These plants should NOT be sheared or cut back to older, non-leafy areas because this type of pruning would take years for new growth to conceal. Hemlocks, arborvitae, and yews These evergreen trees and shrubs have latent (dormant) buds farther back: down the stem.

Therefore, you can shear these evergreens in late spring or early summer after new growth has expanded. You can also prune them in spring before the new growth has expanded because any subsequent growth will hide the pruning cuts. Prune preferably in early spring.

Make cuts just above needle whorls.

Additional pruning may be done before new growth hardens in June. Pines normally require little pruning. 2. The SPRUCE and FIR Group. Cuts may be made at any point along the younger portions of the branches. The best time to prune these plants is in the early spring. Prune to maintain the natural shape of the plants Sep 02, When to Prune Evergreen Shrubs.

In general, prune needle-bearing evergreen shrubs in early spring, toward the end of dormancy and before the emergence of new growth. Pruning the evergreens at this time allows plenty of time for new growth to emerge, as well as plenty of time for these new shoots to harden off before the following winter.

Conifers in general should be pruned as little as possible.

For instance, if they are flowering shrubs that is, plants valued for the display put on by their flowers, you will want to wait until after the flowering period to prune.

Although for most varieties timing is not critical, but the best time to prune most conifers is winter or very early spring before growth begins. The next best time for pruning is after the new season’s growth is complete, generally in late June or July.